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Everyone pays taxes. Some of them have also greatly influenced the history of their countries.
Toilet tax. Such a strange tax was introduced by the Roman emperor Vespesian, who lived in the 70s at the very beginning of our era. This measure was not supported primarily by the son of the ruler, Titus. Then the emperor took the money earned in this way, brought it to his son's nose and uttered the legendary phrase: "Money does not smell." True, Titus replied: "And yet they are from urine." In addition, the pampered Romans got used to the marble public toilets of their city and began to pay the state for it. And toilets, like the famous baths, were used not only for direct need, but also for the sake of meeting and conversations.
Sparrow tax. The inhabitants of Bürttemberg in the 18th century faced a strange tax from their state. The owner of each house was ordered to kill 12 sparrows, for which a payment of 6 kreutzers was supposed. But if someone wanted to take pity on the poor birds and could not provide the required number of carcasses, then he had to pay the state 12 kreutzers. It is quite natural that no one wanted to run after birds, so an underground trade in dead sparrows arose in the country.
Shadow tax. Even intangible objects are subject to tax. An example of this is Venice, which recently introduced a shadow tax in 1993. According to this rule, all establishments, whose shadow from tents and umbrellas falls on the city land, are obliged to pay for it. The authorities realized that getting rid of the shadow is rather difficult, so the tax regularly replenishes the city treasury.
Cowardice tax. It's a shame to be a coward, and sometimes it's not profitable! Indeed, at the beginning of the 12th century, a cowardice tax was introduced in England. According to him, every knight or citizen liable for military service who did not want to fight for the glory of his king in numerous wars had to pay. At first, the amount was small, but there were probably so many willing to pay, and so few to fight, that King John increased the tax 3 times at once. In addition, the ruler began to take money from the knights, even in peacetime. As a result, the tax angered the population so much that it became one of the reasons for the emergence of the Magna Carta.
Tax on hats. Today it is hard to expect that such a tax would be profitable. But there were times when the state counted on these receipts. This happened in England from 1784 to 1811. After all, it was in her that every man wore a bowler hat or top hat, regardless of his social status and wealth. The tax worked especially well among the wealthy. After all, it was they who possessed several hats at once, while the poor had one at best. The country began to receive money from scratch, but in the end the tax had to be canceled.
Beard tax. We know this tax well from history. After all, Peter the Great introduced it to Russia in 1689. The tsar tried to bring the country closer to Europe, starting with the removal of beards. There were several types of them - boyar, merchant, peasant, etc. A peasant could wear a beard for free only in his village, and when entering the city he had to pay 1 kopeck. The bearded men were even forced to walk in a special uncomfortable zipun with a standing collar. If such a person appeared in different clothes, then a fine was imposed on him for each violation. Insufficient bearded men were even sent to hard labor for their debts to the state.
Drug tax. Such a tax, among other things, is among the most meaningless. There is an organization in America called the Internal Revenue Service that serves as our tax office. This service officially requires that illegal proceeds from the sale of drugs be declared. For this, even line number 21 in the form 1040 is highlighted. The only thing left is to find a conscientious dealer who is admitted to violating the laws only in order to pay the taxes due.
Freedom tax. In the world of slavery, such a tax was natural. It originated in Ancient Rome. There a free tax (manumission) was paid upon the release of a slave. Sometimes the amount was paid by the owner himself, it was believed that he was rich enough, setting the slave free. But in most cases the tax was paid by the slave himself. One can imagine the chagrin of the former slave who paid the master for his release and learned that now he must also pay Rome for it.
Tax on dissidents. This tax is the dream of modern politicians. After all, he allowed dissenters to be forced to pay for their opinions. As a result, dissidents either changed their point of view, or simply lost their livelihood. History has set a precedent for such a tax - it was introduced in 1655 by Oliver Cromwell. Although he was not an English monarch, he had great power in England. Such a tax was introduced against the king's supporters who threatened the country. The collected money made it possible to create a people's militia, which guarded the country from the militant royalists. But people do not always see where their money is spent.
Life tax. And there is no way to refuse such a tax at all, any tax officer dreams of this! After all, everyone will have to pay, regardless of income, age or occupation. Once the English rulers decided that people should pay only because they live in this world. This is how the tax on life arose. The inhabitants of England began to pay according to this law in the XIV century. As a result, the country experienced a great uprising, which became known as the Peasants' Revolt.
Nobel tax. If you believe that the Nobel Prize laureates, who received it for their achievements in politics, science and literature, do not pay tax on this, then you are mistaken. Since 1986, this prize has come under the category of monetary gifts, and the state taxes it accordingly. The percentage of payment in each country is different, but this fact is quite remarkable. An exception is made only if the laureate donates the entire amount to charity. In this case, he simply does not have this money left. The state may also offer assistance to a specific college or school.
Foreigners tax. In our time, such a tax is no longer considered strange, but it is considered quite normal. Any foreigner must pay the state for the fact of his stay in it. Meanwhile, such taxes have long been out of fashion - they existed in different states until the 20th century. So, in Canada until 1923 there was a tax on the Chinese! Why exactly on them? In those days, many former citizens of the Middle Kingdom came to Canada, which led to the introduction of a tax that regularly replenished the country's treasury. As a result, the tax was canceled in 1923, but not at all because of concern for poor Asians. It's just that there are so many Chinese in the country that the government prudently decided to completely ban them from entering Canada.
Pipe tax. English rulers loved to invent all new types of taxes. Everything that moves and breathes has already paid money. The population could not resignedly look at this, hiding tax objects either under the floor, or in the chimney. The state decided to fight this disgrace by adopting a tax on the hearth in 1660. Now anyone could hide anything in the chimney. The pipe itself was also taxed. But even then the population began to cheat - people began to disassemble their pipes and use neighboring ones. The use of one common pipe for several rooms has come into vogue. But after a series of major fires in London in the 1680s, the tax was canceled.
Tax on windows. This glass tax eventually became an important cultural, architectural and social phenomenon, first in England and Scotland, and then throughout Great Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries. As a result, brick windows appeared in some buildings of that period. In those days, glass production was quite an expensive undertaking. Few dared to use it for windows and similar purposes. Therefore, the tax on glass windows, introduced in 1696 by King William III, was essentially a tax on wealth. However, the mechanism soon became more widely used, bringing the state to come, like other ordinary similar laws. In those days, the wealthiest people used such a tax to differentiate themselves from middle-income people. A castle or country house was purchased, whose architecture meant the largest number of windows. Sometimes windows were even built into load-bearing walls. The famous tax on windows lasted until 1851, and was replaced by another, which became the basis of the current city tax. Experts say that the expression "daylight theft" appeared precisely because of this famous law. However, the first phrase that daylight was stolen from someone dates back to 1949. But by that time, the window tax had already been canceled for almost 100, making the hypothesis unlikely. Yes, and in France from 1798 to 1926 there was a similar tax, introduced by Napoleons. The French paid not only for windows, but also for doors.
Tax for Denmark. In 991, the inhabitants of England were forced to pay a land tax in order to pay a ransom for the Danish Vikings to live in peace. In fact, Denmark has taxed the residents of another state. A very unusual form of racketeering! This tax existed for almost 200 years - until 1194. By that time, the money had not gone to Denmark for a long time, staying in the country and going to buy weapons and build fortresses.
Salt tax. It would seem, what is unusual about such a tax? However, the story goes that this tax led to massive events. Thus, the tax on salt led the Chinese empire to decline, in France it significantly accelerated the development of the French Revolution. The existence of the tax in India caused massive demonstrations, and Mahatma Gandhi also took part in them. Should we be surprised at the indignation of the Indians, because England has set the tax rate at 4000%! He brought the country's treasury 5% of all income.
Watch tax. Another interesting tax was introduced by the British in 1797. This time, the state treasury was replenished by the owners of the watches. The tax lasted only 1 year, but during that time each owner of the watch paid the country 5 shillings.
Tax for the right to ride a bicycle. In March 1910, the Simbirsk City Duma adopted a decree according to which each bicycle owner had to pay 50 kopecks to the city treasury. Cyclists, on the other hand, were given a booklet that detailed the rules for riding. So, it was forbidden to ride on sidewalks, parks and gardens, as well as to move in large groups around the city. In addition, each bicycle owner had to equip his vehicle with a license plate.
Eye tax. Under Peter I, citizens paid not only for beards, but also for eyes. The tax was introduced at the beginning of the 18th century in Bashkiria. People paid the state according to the color of their eyes. So, the treasury received 3 altyns for blacks, and already 8 for gray ones.
Gypsum tax. There are a lot of people who like skiing in the Alps. As a result, annually 150 thousand people receive various injuries, and the cost of their treatment exceeds a billion shillings. So we decided to help their clinics in Austria. Now skiers pay a gypsum tax on every descent, which is passed on to local medical institutions.