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Arm wrestling (English armrestling is a word derived from the phrase arm wrestling (arm - "hand", wrestle - "wrestling") - a type of combat sports in which people compete, clasping their palms, leaning their elbows on a special table, the height of which is 104 cm, width - 65 cm, length - 93 cm.Mounting the elbows on the U-shaped armrests (15.24x15.24 cm), protruding one and a half inches above the table surface, the wrestlers wrap each other around the thumb, while its last phalanx must be seen by the referee Pre-start position: the opponents' wrists are exactly above the center of the table, the shoulders are parallel to the edge of the table, and a certain distance remains between the biceps of the shoulder and the forearm.The main task of the competitors is to place the opponent's hand on the table surface.
Fights of this kind, especially widespread among sailors, have been known since ancient times, but the history of this martial arts as a sport began relatively recently. In 1952, the American journalist Bill Soveranes, observing how men were measuring the strength of their hands in the Gilardi saloon in Petaluma (California), suggested holding competitions in wrestling (from the English wrist - "wrist", wrestle - "wrestling") - namely this is how this type of martial arts was originally called. The first tournament was a huge success, and since then, every second Saturday in October, the Pentaluma has hosted the participants of the world armwrestling championship.
The World Rristlingo Corporation (WWC) was officially registered in 1961, and already in 1962 Bill Soveranes and Dave Devoto decided to organize the first world championship in this sport in the same Petaluma. After a while, rewrestling was renamed into arm wrestling, and since 1997, this type of martial arts has been called arm wrestling (respectively, the participants - arm wrestlers - are now called arm wrestlers).
Today, three large international organizations are involved in the popularization and development of armwrestling - WWC, WAF (World Amateur Armwrestling Federation) and WAWC (World Armwrestling Council). Armwrestling competitions are held in various countries and regions, world championships, the winners of which sometimes become actors (armwrestling champion Hollywood actress Dorothy Jones) or participants in various shows and advertising campaigns.
In armwrestling competitions, only young, full of strength athletes can win. This is not entirely true. Strength and health, of course, are important, as in any other sport, however, a person of any age can participate (and win!) In armwrestling tournaments. For example, Cynthia Yerby, world champion - 54 years old.
Arm wrestling is a male sport. A completely erroneous opinion - there are many women competing among the competitors.
A person who decides to take up armwrestling may well train on his own - building muscle strength is as easy as shelling pears. Indeed, it seems to an inexperienced beginner that arm wrestling is an extremely simple sport, therefore, there will be no problems with preparing for the competition. This is the opinion that causes a lot of frustration and injury. Already in the first lessons, a person begins to experience pain in the shoulder, elbow, wrist joints. Not having enough experience, not paying due attention to warm-up, he continues to increase the load, which harms his health. It should be remembered that in armwrestling one can achieve considerable success only under the guidance of an experienced trainer, who will not only draw up an individual training plan for the athlete, but will also help develop the technique and tactics of fighting.
At armwrestling competitions, you can dress as you like. If these competitions are amateur - any clothing is permissible, but participants in sports competitions are allowed only in sports uniforms and sports shoes. In addition, there are a number of mandatory requirements for both amateur and sports. The use of protective bandages and any kind of bandages is prohibited; you should remove wedding rings, rings, etc .; the arms should be bare to the middle of the shoulder. If an athlete arrives at the competition wearing a cap, he must either turn it back with a visor, or remove it altogether. It is allowed to use shoes with thicker soles.
The greatest results can be achieved by training according to the champion's plan. This should never be done, especially for beginners. After all, experienced athletes have more experience, strength, and sometimes they use steroids, which allows them to increase the intensity of training.
Having started arm wrestling, you should immediately switch to a certain diet. Of course, a certain ratio in the diet of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, the presence of nutritional supplements in the menu and adherence to a certain meal schedule is mandatory for every professional athlete. But everything needs to be done gradually. You should not change your diet dramatically, as this can lead to an imbalance in body systems.
Muscle pain is a sure sign of training properly. You should continue to build up the loads. Novice athletes do just that, ignoring pain, which sometimes causes irreparable harm to their body. Pain in joints, ligaments or muscles is an indicator that a person has not fully recovered from a previous activity. Therefore, the load during such a period must definitely be reduced, since exercising at the limit of possibilities will contribute to a significant decrease in training progress, and, possibly, to a deterioration in health. Indeed, over time, pain can take on the character of a chronic disease that is difficult to treat, or even lead to various serious injuries (sprain or rupture of ligaments, etc.). It should be remembered that muscle tissue does not build up during workouts, but during the period of good rest between them.
Strength training is enough to win - sparring is useless. This is not true. After all, arm wrestling is a type of martial arts, and not a single simulator can replace the experience gained in a direct fight with an opponent. Therefore, fights at the table should take about half of your training time.
You can only compete while sitting. In fact, there are several types of armwrestling - athletes can compete sitting, standing at a special table or even lying down.
Only very strong athletes break each other's hands. No, most often fractures and sprains are the lot of beginners who are not distinguished by either great strength or knowledge of the features of this sport. In major competitions (eg World Championships), serious injuries are extremely rare.
If an athlete's pulse rises from fight to fight - that's good, he has a "second wind". An extremely dangerous delusion! Pulse is the simplest and most obvious indicator of an athlete's condition. Before training (performance), the heart rate should be 90 beats, after the fight - 120-140 beats. If the pulse rate increases from bout to bout, it means that the athlete is overworked and loses control over his condition. This is an alarming signal and should never be ignored.
When forming the starting stand, the main emphasis should be placed on the armrest with your hand. This is by no means the best option. Although there are more than eighty options for starting racks and types of grips, they all meet certain requirements: they provide the most stable body position and make it possible to create maximum effort at the start. It is most advisable to place the main emphasis on the table with the stomach (this is why the armwrestlers devote a lot of time to strengthening the abdominal muscles), and with their feet on the table or floor support (sometimes athletes use high-soled shoes to achieve maximum contact with the supporting surface). It should be remembered that a straight line of the back and one leg should form a single powerful axis of rotation of the whole body, transmitting the force of the hand. The function of the non-wedge arm is to correct the angle of inclination of the body rotation axis
Arm wrestling can be started at any age. In order to minimize the possibility of getting different types of injuries, one should not participate in competitions in this type of martial arts until a certain age. The fact is that in the process of armwrestling, both the physical body and the athlete's nervous system (which controls the work of the heart and the coordination of muscular efforts) experience great stress. Therefore, it is best if a teenager begins to practice armwrestling at the age of 13-14, when his bone tissues have the necessary strength, and his psyche is sufficiently stable, which makes it possible for him to avoid injuries, be aware of the power interaction of muscles and emotionally tune in to victory.
It is best to fight with your right hand. According to statistics, about fourteen percent of people have left-sided motor activity, and some of them are not even aware of it (hidden left-handed). In such people, it is the left hand that is the wrestling hand, and, therefore, is 10-18% stronger than the non-wrestling right. It is better for such athletes to fight with their left hand, but it should be borne in mind that the ability to coordinate well hand movements is of primary importance. If the left-hander has a better coordinated right hand, it is more expedient to use it by increasing strength through training. If a person's coordination abilities are equal, he can fight with both the right and the left hand equally successfully.
In order to be successful in armwrestling, you only need to train your arms. Especially at the initial stage, it is extremely important to train the back muscles, which provide the power moment of the attack by rotating the body and protect the spine from twisting and stretching. Also, the abdominal muscles should be developed to avoid an increase in intra-abdominal pressure during the pressure of the abdomen against the table during the contraction. Indeed, in this case, the diaphragm rises, squeezing the heart, as a result of which the blood circulation of the muscles sharply decreases, which leads to rapid fatigue and, as a consequence, the inability to resist the opponent's power attack for a long time. In addition, it should be taken into account that the speed of reaction, for example, to a starting signal or to a change in the opponent's strategy and tactics is also of great importance. Accordingly, this factor should be paid attention to in training.
If the fight lasts a long time, then the rivals are equal in strength. The duration of the fight, which consists of two phases (the capture phase, which lasts from 4 to 54 seconds for women and from 1.8 to 68 seconds for men, and the fight phase), depends on many factors. Physical data, technical skill, and a variety of athletes' competitive tactics are also important. Moreover, the last criterion, as practice has shown, is the most significant. After all, the duration of the bout of participants using the same tactics in the capture phase is twice, and in the fighting phase - sixteen times longer than that of arm fighters using different tactics.