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Anesthesia is a term that means general anesthesia, a state in which a person is in an artificially induced sleep, while losing pain sensitivity. The goal is quite clear - to protect the body from painful sensations during the operation.
The first pain relievers were made from plants (hemp, opium). In the 13th century, ether was discovered, and in the 15th century, its properties were described by Paracelsus. A public demonstration of its action was made only in 1846, a year later, anesthesia with ether was applied in Russia.
Today, several types are used, both the anesthesia itself and the means used. Pharmacology does not stand still, so there is a constant search for the most effective remedies with minimal consequences for the body.
However, a person is traditionally afraid of using anesthesia - psychologically there is an explanation for this, because control over the situation is lost. Therefore, despite the assurances of doctors about anesthesia, there are many myths, some of which we will reveal.
Under anesthesia, a person falls asleep, so he does not feel anything. This statement is not true for all anesthesia. There are modern types of anesthesia that allow the patient to remain mindful during the operation. The use of this type of anesthesia is possible if there is no strict need to completely "disconnect" the subscriber. For example, conduction anesthesia is used only in cases when it is necessary to anesthetize a specific organ during an operation. Gynecological operations on the pelvic organs are another example. Often, anesthesia is used that shut off those organs below the injection site (usually the legs and abdomen). Doctors also use spinal anesthesia, which is characterized by blockage of all pain receptors throughout the body, but the brain continues to function. So you shouldn't tune in that during anesthesia there will be a complete "blackout".
During anesthesia, an injection of anesthetic medicine is made into a vein. This type of anesthesia is used when operations are relatively simple and do not require intracavitary intervention. In other cases, anesthesia is more often used, which is based on the injection of an anesthetic drug into the area of the conductive nerve that goes to the affected organ. Injections are also possible directly into the spinal cord or between its membranes. For many, at the mention of an injection in this area, goosebumps run down the skin, since such an injection seems very painful. In fact, there are no painful sensations, since there are no sensitive cells, nerve receptors in this area. To the surprise of many, it is the injections in the spinal cord that are the most painless. Often, during complex operations, doctors use combined anesthesia, that is, first, the sleeping pill enters the vein, putting a person to sleep, and after that other types of anesthesia are already used, which turn off the nerves, brain, and muscles.
Deep anesthesia is fraught with the fact that a person's heart may not withstand, and he will not wake up. This statement applies to surgical interventions in which there is a complete loss of consciousness. Often there is a need for the heart and lungs to work not independently, but with the help of special equipment. For the layman, such a situation may seem scary, but for surgeons there is nothing unusual in it - after all, it is much easier to control the work of these vital organs, track the smallest changes in their work, and also completely control the general condition of the body. If you need to react quickly and decisively, then it is with this anesthesia that doctors can take the necessary measures. If the patient has contraindications to such anesthesia, then doctors will never suggest or insist on its use. True, in the case when there is a question about saving life, doctors can take the risk of complications in order to save the main thing. If both anesthesia and an artificial respiration apparatus are used simultaneously, then surgeons have more opportunities to help those patients who are no longer helped by other types of surgical interventions. Naturally, doctors take into account the capabilities of the patient's body, his age, all contraindications. Do not be afraid that after breathing through the apparatus, you will have to re-learn how to breathe. This is a natural process that millions of patients have successfully gone through.
It is better to endure pain than to endure anesthesia. In fact, the feeling of pain does not pass without leaving a trace for the body - every minute of it subsequently takes away precious minutes of life. The body reacts with pain to an invasion that it cannot bear. So everything that happens to the body and causes it pain is more harmful than anesthesia. All over the world people approach this issue pragmatically - wherever it is possible to save the patient from unpleasant sensations, they do it. Modern medicine has a wide range of remedies for this. So if the doctor offers anesthesia, believing that there is a need for it, you should not refuse it.
If during the partial work of the sensory organs remains, then the anesthesia is not working correctly. There are types of anesthesia in which it seems to a person that he hears the voices of doctors in a distorted form, observes what is happening in the operating room. But this is just a manifestation of hallucinations that are the result of anesthesia. Someone sees himself in heaven, someone on a desert island, it is quite natural that someone sees the operating room itself. You should not pay any attention to this and assume that death was unusually close to you if the anesthesia was accompanied by unusual visions. The most modern types of anesthesia contain special drugs that successfully suppress the occurrence of hallucinations. Therefore, in such cases, a person does not feel or see anything, regaining consciousness already in a hospital bed. But the feeling of pain even under the action of anesthesia indicates a poor-quality procedure for anesthesia.
Under the influence of anesthesia, a person begins to suffocate. Indeed, once upon a time, types of anesthesia were used, which were accompanied by such an effect. Even 20 years ago, during gynecological interventions, women breathed ether through a mask, but it turned out that it was also harmful, and not just unpleasant. Naturally, these methods are no longer used today. If doctors offer just this type of pain relief, it is better to ask for a more modern one, and in case of refusal, to change the clinic.
If the doctor requires anesthesia, then the operation is very risky. It is a mistake to be afraid of anesthesia, considering it an accompanying element of complex operations. Quite the opposite - it is used to ensure that nothing bad happens during the operation, so by agreeing to anesthesia, you help yourself and the doctors. Talk to the anesthesiologist the day before and follow all his requirements. Do not forget to mention exactly what you are afraid of, how you were undergoing anesthesia earlier. Try to take seriously the regimen recommended by doctors before the operation - do not smoke, do not drink, do not drink excessive amounts of fluids. Such training is aimed precisely at preventing emergencies and complications. Do not give up taking medications prescribed in the morning before the operation. The fact is that it may well turn out to be strong hypnotics, their intake, in fact, is already the first stage of anesthesia. With the help of them, you will fall into a relaxing deep sleep before the operation, and the following pain relievers will already work better and more correctly.
If the patient is given too much anesthesia, the recovery will be slow. The patient completely gets rid of the effects of anesthesia from one to four hours, it all depends on the characteristics of the organism and on the volume of the agent used. Normally or not, the patient has recovered from anesthesia, only a doctor can, having analyzed various indicators of the body's work. After the operation, the patient is in a state of half-sleep for a long time during the day, this should not frighten relatives, because analgesics still act on the body. These drugs are administered to alleviate the postoperative sensations, because, despite the end of the anesthesia, the cause of the pain remains. In some patients, after anesthesia, on the contrary, excessive agitation is noted. This may indicate that the person previously abused alcohol or had certain mental disorders. But even in this case, there is nothing to worry about - the doctor will prescribe sedatives and sleeping pills and the person will eventually return to normal.
After an operation with anesthesia, a person remains forgetful and absent-minded for a long time, since narcotic drugs remain in the brain. In fact, the drugs that are used for anesthesia leave the body after one or two days. But in some patients, the effect described in the myth is observed for some time - they get tired quickly, concentrate poorly, mental work is a burden for them. But only in such a situation, anesthesia has nothing to do with it - postoperative complications are to blame. For example, the body may not have enough oxygen, or the blood supply to the brain may be disrupted. Therefore, after any complex operation, doctors recommend not to rush headlong into work, catching up on lost time, rest, give the body time to recover and adapt.